Parliamentary elections: PM Ludovic Orban resigns due to his party's poor results

by Romanian Reporter - Monday, December 7, 2020 10:07 PM

Parliamentary elections: PM Ludovic Orban resigns due to his party's poor results

The general elections for the Romanian parliament took place on Sunday, December 6, 2020. The pandemic situation, leading to a certain fear of participating in the elections, population discontent regarding the unpopular restrictive measures imposed by the government, and a rather eventful election calendar for the last two years (presidential and European Parliament elections in 2019 and local elections in 2020), constituted the recipe for the lowest voters turnout in the history of modern general elections in Romania. 5.635.801 Romanians voted during the last weekend, representing 30.51% of the registered voters.

After the counting of 96% of the votes from Sunday's parliamentary elections in Romania, the Social Democratic Party (PSD) gathered most of Romania's votes, around 30%. Although PSD will receive the most seats in the parliament, the results come after the 45% of votes received at the previous elections in 2016, a steep decline caused by the controversial judicial reforms promoted by its former leader, Liviu Dragnea, who was meanwhile imprisoned in 2019 in a criminal case of fictitious employment at the expense of the state budget.

The second place was achieved by the National Liberal Party (PNL), with around 25%. The voting polls and the expectations of the party of PM Ludovic Orban and President Klaus Iohannis indicated a much better result - around 30% of the votes and in any case a better one than the Social Democrats' results. The difference of 5%  proved to have cost the PM the job - Ludovic Orban announced on December 7 his resignation from the Prime Minister role.

Nor the occupant of the third place in voters preferences, USR-PLUS, can consider itself too happy with Sunday's election result. The reformist party managed to gather around 15% of the votes, almost double compared to the previous, 2016 elections (the first in their history), but the expectations were higher than that. In any case, they will have to settle for an alliance with the Liberals, which was already highly probable even before the elections.

The biggest surprise was the 9% of the votes received by the relatively unknown, far-right AUR party (Alliance for the Unity of Romanians), with a unionistic (with the Republic of Moldova), ultra-nationalistic and religious doctrine, who had an active campaign on social media and gained quick popularity among a part of the diaspora, especially among Romanians living in Italy, Spain and France.

Distribution of votes in Senate and Chamber of Deputies

PSD - 30.01% (Senate) / 29.57% (Chamber of Deputies)

PNL - 25.59% / 25.18%

USR-PLUS - 15.32% / 14.81%

AUR - 8.85%  / 8.76%

UDMR - 6.11% - 5.96%

PMP -  less than threshold of 5% 

Pro Romania - less than the threshold of 5%

Parliamentary elections 2020 Senate

Parliamentary elections 2020 Chamber of Deputies

Voter turnout in the general elections in Romania after the Communist era:

  • 2020 - 33%
  • 2016 - 39.79%
  • 2012 - 41.76%
  • 2008 - 39.20%
  • 2004 - 58.5%
  • 2000 - 65.31%
  • 1996 - 76.01%
  • 1992 - 76.29%
  • 1990 - 86.19%

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